Professor of Political Science at Penn State Berks. Research focuses on the role of the economic aid and sanctions as foreign policy tools. Recent articles include "Coalition of the Bribed and Bullied? US Economic Linkage and the Iraq War" and "Coalition and Nukes for Sale Cheap? Purchasing Peace with North Korea" (both in International Studies Perspectives, 2004 and 2008). He has a special interest in Germany, Eastern Europe, and the former Soviet Union. This is seen in his book, Deutsche Mark Diplomacy: Positive Economic Sanctions in German-Russian Relations (PSU Press, 2002), and several recent articles on German, Polish, and Russian foreign policy. Dr. Newnham teaches introductory courses in International Relations, Comparative Politics, and American Government. He also teaches advanced courses on "The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union" and International Political Economy as part of PSU Berks' four-year Global Studies degree.